In 2008



In 2008
The "Investing in the Future" program consists of two phases. In the first phase, the network is established with a regional and national training program and additional activities. In the second phase, the training program will be consolidated on a national level in each of the six participating countries: Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Bahrain and Yemen. The training program will be adjusted to the specific needs of the media organizations. Advocacy activities shall be offered and shall focus on freedom of the press, access to information and strengthening the professional quality of journalism. Capacity building and strengthening is the strategic focus in the program. The Training of Trainers workshops from the first phase (started in 2007) will be concluded by January 2008. They will be followed by specialized workshops on specific topics for journalists and media lawyers, like topical training workshops and skills training workshops. In principle, the participants from the first TOT-program will participate in these workshops. Other colleagues are welcome to join in as well.

Practical approach
Taking into consideration the evaluation of our workshops and the suggestions done to us by the trainers and participants, it was decided not to follow our initial idea of separate skills and topical training programs, but to link the workshops. Journalistic skills can very well be developed while focusing on specific topics. And vice versa, the topics will have a greater impact when the journalist can work with them in a journalistic way. Our approach is practical.

A group of 24 lawyers has already participated in 2007 in an extra four-day workshop for lawyers that focused on the organization of advocacy campaigns and working with journalists and media organizations. A menu of workshops has been developed, based on the demands and need of the trainees. The workshops will be held in 2008 in Amman, Cairo and Beirut. Four short follow-up workshops for lawyers are scheduled in the first half of 2008 in Morocco, Bahrain and Yemen.

The legal component
One of the results of the research done by "Investing in the Future" showed a need for training workshops for specialized lawyers and for journalists in the fields of legal awareness, legal defense of journalists and media advocacy. The research also showed a need in courses to increase the legal security of journalists and media professionals.

Journalism is often a dangerous and disputed profession in the Arab world. Fines, prison sentences, (self) censorship and restriction of freedom of the press are common practice. Journalists need to know their legal rights and should be aware of the role of the media in a democratic and transparent society.

Ethics
Legal issues and ethics usually do not receive much attention in general journalism curricula or in training institutes. Our Arab partner organizations identified these fields as important. Creating more legal awareness among journalists and creating a culture of legality for media professionals
is of utmost importance for the development of the profession. Self-regulation, discussions about the supposed do's and don'ts and the use of a code of conduct are part of this process.

In order to strengthen the capacity of pressure groups and media NGOs Media Legal Aid Centers will be established or strengthened. Training workshops in the field of journalistic ethics, legal awareness and media advocacy will address the needs of the media professionals.

Local trainers
It proved most effective to work with trainers from within the Arab world. They are perfectly familiarized with the region, culture and the language. An important way to enhance the professional quality of Arab journalists and to increase freedom of the press is to train trainers and to form a network of trainers in each country and on a regional level. Our training program is very successful in Jordan, Yemen, Egypt and Lebanon.

In Jordan in the past years, the Center for Defending Freedom of Journalists (CDFJ) has trained lawyers from the Maghreb, Mashreq and the Gulf in specific media cases and exchanged knowledge on media legislation. Journalists have been trained in the field of their legal rights and duties and in the field of ethics and journalism.

Journalists and media lawyers were brought together in order to enhance legal awareness and to create a practical framework such as the Media Legal Aid Center, specialized in the legal defense of journalist.


NEW training workshops in 2008
• The voice of civil society
• Protection of journalists and Codes of Conduct
• Creating legal units
(follow-up workshops for lawyers)
• Special program for directors and editors-in-chief
• Training of Trainers (TOT 3)
• Topical and skills training for journalists (small groups)

Themes:    • Financial and economic  
   reporting 
  • Web publishing
  (Free Voice/ Menassat.com)
  • Investigative journalism
  (Free Voice/ MMA)
  • Political and
  parliamentary reporting
  • Journalistic production on children's   issues
  • Disaster reporting 
  • Photojournalism
  • Regional reporting
  • Journalism and conflicts
          

The voice of civil society
Between February and June a new series of workshops will be organized: "The voice of civil society." In these five-day workshops, specialized groups in print, radio, TV and web journalism will be trained in reporting on civil society, human rights and social conflicts. Also the focus lays on how to report on the activities of NGOs and trade unions.

Different socio-economic issues will be addressed like migrant laborers, the informal sector, the inequality of wages between men and women, the labor participation of women and child labor. Attention will also be paid to strike actions and the right to strike and several issues in the agricultural sector.

Journalistic skills include: Internet research, computer assisted research, access to information, selection and analysis of information, separating facts and opinions, management of a newsroom, how to deal with sources, media convergence, interviewing, stress management and dealing with material from international and Arab news agencies.

Period:   5 days
Participants: 120 journalists from Morocco, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Bahrain and Yemen, divided into groups not larger than 15 persons. Groups will be formed according to media disciplines: dailies/ radio/ TV/ Internet. (8 workshops)
Topics: Reporting on social issues and common conflicts in society and reporting on the activities and the role of labor unions and civil society organizations.
Methodology:       Several styles, like interview (Q & A) and background reporting, will be trained and coached by specialists in the field of TV, radio, newspaper and web publishing. The training and teaching will be done with the help of cases from daily practice. Presentations and discussions form an integral part of the training.
Goal:  To acquired knowledge on the role of reporting and media in relation to activities of trade unions and other civil society organizations. To enhance journalistic skills and to exchange experiences.

Expected results  and output: At the end of the training, the trainees can produce a media production in their group (audio, video, print or web). The best results will be published on Menassat.com and in local Arab media. Participants will maintain in touch with each other and the trainers through e-coaching.

Trainers: Experienced trainers in the field of radio, TV, dailies and web publishing complemented with Arabic co-trainers of the pool of 24 trainers who followed the Training of Trainers 2. The speakers and introducers have long standing experience with trade unions and NGOs.

 

Protection of journalists and Codes of Conduct
From September, a series of six 4-day workshops will be offered on legal protection of journalists, the legal status of journalists and media, legal rights and duties of journalists and journalistic ethics. 120 Journalists and 24 lawyers can participate. The combination of these two professions will lead to discussions about media and about dealing with problematic media laws and media cases. The trained journalists and lawyers will be the driving force in the next stages of the "Investing in the Future" program on legal awareness, the defence of journalists and the creation of legal units in their countries.

Period:   4 days
Participants:  120 journalists and 24 lawyers from Morocco, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Bahrain and Yemen. Divided in 6 groups of 24 persons.
Topics: The legal status of journalists, the legal defence of journalists and media, legal duties and rights of journalists and journalistic ethics.
Methodology:     Presentations, discussions, role plays and production of a handbook on journalistic ethics and the protection of journalists.
Goal: For lawyers and journalists: increase knowledge and insight in
journalistic ethics. For journalists: increase knowledge in legal
rights and duties.
For lawyers: knowledge and insight in journalistic ethical dilemma's (for example cases of defamation, insulting a head of state, blasphemy etc.) The training  will create a solid network of journalists and lawyers.
   
Handbook: Will be published on Menassat.com and in print available for trainees and others who are interested.
Expected results and output: Increased knowledge among journalists and lawyers of the legal status of journalists, the legal defense of journalists and media, the legal rights and duties of journalists and journalistic ethics. A handbook will be published on journalistic ethics and media and the law. This guide can be used in
future workshops and will be made available on line at Menassat.com for the members of the Investing in the Future network and other Arabic journalists.

Creating legal units (follow-up workshop for lawyers)
Follow-up workshops for 16 lawyers and 16 media activists from Morocco, Lebanon, Bahrain and Yemen to create or strengthen legal aid units in order to defend journalists and media, press freedom advocacy, access to information and modernize media law.

Period:   2 days
Participants: 16 lawyers from Morocco, Lebanon, Bahrain and Yemen who participated in the Training of Trainers program. Divided into four workshops complemented with 16 media activists or active journalists (4 per country).
Place: The 4 workshops will be held in Morocco, Lebanon, Bahrain and Yemen.
Topics:  Creating and strengthening of legal units that provide legal defence for journalists and media and promote advocacy in the field of freedom of the press, access to information and media legislation that meets international standards.
Methodology:  Presentations, role-play and discussions.
Handbook:  Training Module for Lawyers of the "Investing in the Future" program.
    
Special program for directors and editors-in-chief
Support from directors and editors-in-chief of participating media is crucial in the "Investing in the Future" trainings. They will be involved through a special program of visits by trainers, meetings and symposia. Local NGOs play a crucial role in implementing this program. The editors-in-chiefs and directors will be invited to join the Arab European Media Blog Group. In Spring 2008 a two-day conference will be organized for directors and editors-in-chief.

Training of Trainers (TOT) 3
These workshops, at regional level, are offered to support and coordinate the efforts of the media NGOs and to support the trainers in the six participating countries. Those who participated in the Training of Trainers workshops in 2007, especially the 36 journalists and lawyers who received advanced training in December 2007 and January 2008, will be involved in the establishment of the specific training workshops in each of the six participating countries.

Topical and skills training for journalists (small groups)
Short term trainings for small groups to ensure the maximum profit and learning output. The workshops will begin in the spring of 2008 and will continue until the end of 2009.

Topics:     Financial and economic reporting 
Period: 3 days
Participants: maximum 15 journalists from Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and the Gulf region

Web publishing (Free Voice / Menassat.com)
Period: 3 days
Participants: maximum 15 journalists from Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and the Gulf region

Investigative journalism (Free Voice / MMA)
Period: 3 days
Participants: maximum 15 journalists from Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and the Gulf region

Political and parliamentary reporting
Period:
3 days
Participants: maximum 15 journalists from Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and the Gulf region

Journalistic production on children's issues
Period:
4 days
Participants: maximum 15 journalists from Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and the Gulf region

Disaster reporting
Period: 2 days
Participants: maximum 15 journalists from Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and the Gulf region

Photojournalism
Period: 3 days
Participants: maximum 10 photographers from Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and the Gulf region

Regional reporting
Period: 2 days
Participants: maximum 15 journalists from Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and the Gulf region

Journalism and conflicts (Free Voice/ MMA)
Period: 3 days
Participants: maximum 15 journalists from Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and the Gulf region