Sources



A report by the Egyptian Organization for human rights about press freedom in Egypt, “Journalism in Egypt: caught between the laws and the government”, is available in English and Arabic:
http://www.eohr.org/report/2006/re0821.shtml
http://www.eohr.org/ar/report/2006/re0712.shtml

The 2007 report by Arab Press Freedom Watch, “Egyptian Press 2006: Less Freedom and more violations”, is available in English and Arabic:
http://www.apfw.org/indexenglish.asp?fname=report%5Cenglish%5C2007%5C01%... http://www.apfw.org/indexarabic.asp?fname=report%5Carabic%5C2007%5C01%5C...

The 2004 report by Arab Press Freedom Watch, “The State of the Arab Media: Freeing the Arab media from state control”, is available in English and Arabic:
http://www.apfw.org/data/annualreports/2004/english/2004annualreport.pdf
http://www.apfw.org/data/annualreports/2004/arabic/2004annualreport.pdf

Articles and documents by Article 19 are available in English:
http://www.article19.org/search-results/index.html?freetext=Egypt

The 2006 annual report by the Committee to Protect Journalists on attacks on the press in Egypt is available in English and Arabic:
http://www.cpj.org/attacks06/mideast06/egy06.html
http://www.cpj.org/attacks06/lang/attacks2006arb.pdf

A 2007 on the “Worst Backsliders in Press Freedom” by the Committee to Protect Journalists is available in English:
http://www.cpj.org/backsliders/

Other and earlier reports by the Committee to Protect Journalists are available in English:
http://68.164.138.78/search?q=Egypt&btnG=CPJ+Search&site=publicwebsite&o...

Documents by the International Freedom of Expression eXchange are available in English and Arabic:
http://www.ifex.org/en/content/view/full/1446/
http://www.hrinfo.net/ifex/alerts/egypt/

Extracts of the Egyptian Constitution are available on the IJNet in English, and the 1996 Press Law is available in Arabic:
http://ijnet.org/Director.aspx?P=MediaLaws&ID=108561&LID=1
http://www.ijnet.org/Director.aspx?P=MediaLaws&ID=303232&LID=4

Documents on Egypt by the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) are available in English:
http://www.ifj.org/default.asp?issue=mainresult&Language=EN&cntr=EGY

The annual World Press Freedom Review by the International Press Institute is available in English:
http://www.freemedia.at/cms/ipi/freedom_detail.html?country=/KW0001/KW00...

Other and earlier documents by the International Press Institute are available in English:
http://www.freemedia.at/cms/ipi/search.html?query=Egypt

Second report on Internet in the Arab World, “Implacable adversaries: Arab Governments and the Internet”, by the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (HRInfo), is available in English and Arabic:
http://www.openarab.net/en/reports/net2006/egypt.shtml
http://www.openarab.net/reports/net2006/egypt.shtml

Other documents available in Arabic include:
- “Law on the Regulation of Internet”, http://www.openarab.net/laws/2006/laws5.shtml
- “The Code of Honour of Egyptian Journalists”, http://www.openarab.net/laws/2006/laws4.shtml
- “Law on Intellectual Property Rights”, http://www.openarab.net/laws/2006/laws3.shtml
- “Decree on the establishment on an Institution for the Promotion of the Production of Technological Information”, http://www.openarab.net/laws/2006/laws2.shtml
- “Decision on internet cafes”, http://www.openarab.net/news/2006/news0720.shtml

Documents by the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (HRInfo) are available in Arabic:
http://www.hrinfo.net/egypt/

A 2006 report on “Restructuring radio broadcasting in Arab Countries” by the Institut Panos in Paris is available in English:
http://www.panosparis.org/fichierProdGB/fichierProd1486.pdf

The 2005 final report of “A comparative study on the media situation in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, and Tunisia” by the Olof Palme Center is available in English:
http://www.palmecenter.se/upload/filer/ovrigt/blandadedokument2005/mena%...

A 2004 report on “The media situation in the Middle East” by the Danish International Media Support is available in English:
http://www.i-m-s.dk/Media/PDF/Final%20General%20report%20on%20the%20medi...

The IREX Media Sustainability in the MENA region is available in English, French, and Arabic:
http://www.irex.org/programs/MSI_MENA/2005/MSI05_MENA_EG.pdf
http://www.irex.org/programs/MSI_MENA/2005/french/MSI_MENA05_EGT_fr.pdf
http://www.irex.org/programs/MSI_MENA/2005/arabic/MSI05_MENA_egypt_ar.pd...

Documents by the Arab Press Freedom Watch are available in Arabic and English:
http://www.apfw.org/indexarabic.asp?txtSearchText=%E3%D5%D1&btnSearch=%C...
http://www.apfw.org/indexenglish.asp?txtSearchText=xxxx or egypt* or cairo*

A 2007 report on the state of the media in Egypt by Arab Press Freedom Watch is available in Arabic and English:
http://www.apfw.org/indexarabic.asp?fname=report%5Carabic%5C2007%5C01%5C...
http://www.apfw.org/indexenglish.asp?fname=report%5Cenglish%5C2007%5C01%...

An article on developments in Egypt in 2006 on Arab Press Freedom Watch is available in English:
http://www.apfw.org/indexenglish.asp?fname=articles%5Cenglish%5C2006%5C0...

Articles in English on the website of Arab Media & Society on Egypt include:
- “Sexual healing: how big is Kalaam Kibeer?”, http://www.arabmediasociety.org/countries/index.php?c_article=90
- “Does the veiled look sell? Egyptian advertisers grapple with the hijab”, http://www.arabmediasociety.org/countries/index.php?c_article=92
- “Publicizing the private: Egyptian women bloggers speak out”, http://www.arabmediasociety.org/countries/index.php?c_article=29
- “Blogging for reform: the case of Egypt”, http://www.arabmediasociety.org/countries/index.php?c_article=33

The annual report by Reporters without Borders is available in English and Arabic:
http://www.rsf.org/country-43.php3?id_mot=152&Valider=OK http://www.rsf.org/IMG/pdf/rapport_ar.pdf

The annual World Presss Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders is available in English:
http://www.rsf.org/IMG/pdf/cm2006_mo-2.pdf

The Amnesty International Report 2007 is available in English and Arabic:
http://thereport.amnesty.org/eng/Regions/Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Eg...
http://thereport.amnesty.org/ara/Regions/Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Eg...

Other documents by Amnesty International are available in English and Arabic:
http://web.amnesty.org/library/eng-egy/index

The annual Map of Press Freedom by Freedom House is available in English:
http://www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=251&country=6956&year=2006 2007

Annual World Report by Human Rights Watch in English and Arabic:
http://hrw.org/englishwr2k7/docs/2007/01/11/egypt14701.htm
http://hrw.org/arabic/docs/2007/01/11/egypt14928.htm

Documents in English and Arabic by Human Rights Watch:
http://www.hrw.org/doc?t=mideast&c=egypt

Documents by International Crisis group in English and Arabic:
http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=2295&l=1 http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=2295&l=6

Statistics on internet use by Internet World Stats:
http://www.internetworldstats.com/africa.htm#eg