State of the media
Sudanese media have been deeply affected by the 21-year civil war that finally ended in 2005 with the signing of the peace agreement, and the ongoing crisis in
In William A. Rugh’s classification in his Arab Mass Media (2004) the Sudanese press is identified as a “mobilization press.” Its distinguishing characteristic is that “the press does not criticize the basic policies of the national government.”
The press situation has improved much since the coup in 1989 when the only paper that could be published was the army newspaper. There are several daily newspapers and a wide variety of Arabic- and English-language publications. Although all of these are subject to scrutiny and harassment, some do criticize the government. Newspapers reach only a tiny segment of the population, due to extremely low circulation rates. The main newspapers are Al-Sudani, Al-Ayam, Al-Ray Al-Amm, Al-Wifaq, Al-Watan, and the Khartoum Monitor.
Domestic broadcast media are directly controlled by the government. State-run radio and TV reflect government policy. Sudan TV has a permanent military censor to ensure that the news reflects official views. There are no privately-owned TV stations apart from a cable service jointly owned by the government and private investors.
In spite of license requirements and high costs, satellite usage continued to rise
Currently there are six companies providing Internet service in
The only new agency, the Sudan News Agency (SUNA) is tightly controlled by the Ministry of Information.
The Union of Sudanese Journalists is government-controlled and does not represent the views and aspirations of the profession. It is not a member of the International Federation of Journalists.
There is a Sudanese Human Rights organization operating from
In 2005 the state of emergency was lifted after a new, less restrictive constitution was signed, thereby officially ending censorship in
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