The country's population is more than 19 million in total, of which a large majority (74%) is Sunni Muslim. Since 1963 the country is ruled by the Baath party; the head of state has been a member of the Alawite Asad family. Since 2000 the president is Bashar al-Asad, son of Hafez al-Asad. About 83% of the population is literate.
All Rights Reserved