General Country Information


The country's population is more than 19 million in total, of which a large majority (74%) is Sunni Muslim. Since 1963 the country is ruled by the Baath party; the head of state has been a member of the Alawite Asad family. Since 2000 the president is Bashar al-Asad, son of Hafez al-Asad. About 83% of the population is literate.


More general information is available at BBC Country Profile and at Wikipedia in both English and Arabic.


Official information can be found at the official website of the Syrian Parliament in Arabic and the official website of the Syrian Baath party in Arabic and English.